Working with Māori - Te Toka Tumoana — Policy
Updated: 25 November 2016
This policy outlines Te Toka Tumoana - our Indigenous & Bicultural Principled Framework. It describes the principles/values of the framework that guides practitioners, managers and leaders through all work with mokopuna and whānau Māori.
In this context, Te Toka Tumoana is the name of our Indigenous & Bicultural Principled Framework built on the integrity and distinctness of Māori beliefs and practices to advance mokopuna ora, within the context of the statutory social work role.
Indigenous practice refers to how we strengthen tangata whenua (Māori) working with Māori - what practices do Māori practitioners use when working with Māori?
Bi-cultural practice refers to Tauiwi (non-Māori) working with Māori - what practices do non-Māori practitioners use when working with Māori?
Te Toka Tumoana Framework
Read Te Ao Kohatu (PDF 1.14MB) - A national and international literature review on indigenous social work theoretical and practice frameworks for mokopuna and whānau well-being within statutory social work.
Three overarching principles
Tiaki mokopuna - the roles, responsibilities and obligations to make safe, care for, support, develop and protect our children and young people within healthy families and whānau, from all forms of abuse (Eruera, King & Ruwhiu, 2006 unpublished). Therefore, mokopuna Māori protective factors are embedded within Māori social structures and practices.
Mana ahua ake o te mokopuna - the potentiality and absolute uniqueness (inherent and developed) of Māori children and young people (Barlow, 1991; Pere, 1988). This principle underpins child-centred practice for mokopuna Māori.
Te Ahureitanga - the distinctiveness of being Māori, reclaiming that Māori worldviews and practices are valid, legitimate, self-determining and diverse. (Ruwhiu, 2013; Ruwhiu, P, 2009; Paniora, 2008; Mead, 2003). Therefore, solutions must be founded on a Māori worldview of wellbeing that is transformed to be locally relevant, sustainable and self-determining.